Causes and treatment of DVT
DVT can happen at any age. However, it is most commonly found in people over 60 years of age. Blood clusters take shape when there are changes in the blood stream in the veins. The point where a coagulation severs and travels through the circulation system is called embolism. There are several causes of Deep Vein Thrombosis. Some of them are:
- Fracture in legs or pelvis
- Family history of blood clusters
- Excessive number of platelets made by bone marrow
- Having an in-dwelling catheter in a vein
Blood will probably clump with if a person has the following issues:
- Cigarette smoking
- Immune system issues such as lupus
- Taking estrogen or conception prevention pills
Sitting for long stretches when travelling can increase the possibility of this condition. The possible treatments for this include the following:
- Vena cava filter: In this, blood typically goes through the filter. It goes in the vena cava, which takes blood from the lower body back to the heart. The filter gets blood clusters and prevents them from moving to those parts of your body where they can prove to be harmful. The filter is placed on an arm, leg, or neck vein and moves it into the belly vein. In such a procedure, radiologists use picture direction to put a channel in the IVC-inferior vena cava, the extensive vein in the mid-region that returns blood to the heart from the lower body. An IVC filter traps extensive cluster sections and keeps them from going through the vena cava vein to the lungs and heart and avoid medical complexities.
- Venous thrombectomy: An extreme sort of this condition called phlegmasia cerulea dolens does not react well to different sorts of treatment. In many uncommon cases, you may need a cut in the deep vein clot. The doctor inserts a catheter sheath through a little cut in the vein underneath the knee or the femoral vein in the crotch. A contrast dye is infused through the catheter and venography is performed. This procedure permits the doctor to see using the X-ray screen which vein is to be dealt with.
- Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy: In this treatment, the doctor embeds an assisting wire through the catheter in the femoral vein and progresses it past the coagulation, and goes through the catheter to the area that is blocked by the clot. If performing surgical thrombectomy, the doctor incises a bigger entry point over the affected vein and removes the coagulation or the clot with a catheter. Either a high-speed liquid jet or a mechanical device is present at the tip of the catheter that separates the coagulation.