What are the common signs of an underactive thyroid

What are the common signs of an underactive thyroid

Almost 25 million individuals in the country suffer from thyroid problems, and the hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) is its most common form. In this condition, the thyroid gland fails to produce an adequate amount of hormones which are important for several body functions. Although anyone can suffer from an underactive thyroid, women who aged above 60 are more vulnerable to hypothyroidism.

To treat this underactive gland, you must be first aware of the signs of thyroid problems. This is because hypothyroidism in its early stages can project vague symptoms. If this condition is left untreated for long, it can cause severe health issues such as infertility, cardiovascular diseases, obesity and joint pain.

Signs of an underactive thyroid gland
The signs of thyroid problems can differ across patients. This is primarily based on the severity and type of the issue that you are facing. As mentioned earlier you may not observe any signs of thyroid problems, but as the time passes they develop to be more obvious.

The following are some of the most common symptoms of hypothyroidism which are observed in patients.

  • Tiredness
  • Digestive problems such as constipation
  • Gaining significant amount of weight without any major changes in diet or lifestyle
  • Puffiness in the face
  • Increase in the cholesterol level
  • Dry skin
  • Slow pulse rate
  • Onset of anxiety or depression
  • Heavy flow or erratic menstruation patterns
  • Hair fall
  • Hoarseness in the voice
  • Heightened sensitivity to cold
  • Inflammation or stiffness in the joints
  • Pain the muscles
  • Memory problems

If you don’t read the signs of thyroid problems in time, then it can lead to severe consequences. Although rare, an advanced form of hypothyroidism referred to as myxedema can occur which projects acute symptoms such as irregular breathing patterns, low blood pressure, low body temperature, etc. It can even be life-threatening when it reaches stages like a coma.

Since it is more prevalent among women, it is advised to have a thyroid test during routine checkups or in conditions like pregnancy. Most doctors will direct you to get a blood test to analyze the hormone fluctuations. The kinds of treatments which will be implemented are derived from the test results. Usually, your health care provider will recommend you with hormones in the form of oral pills and supplements which can aid their proper absorption. However, it could take a while to figure out the best dosage patterns. Based on your response tp the treatment, the doctor will tailor your medicines in every few months.